Laurence M. Gould
The ARSV Laurence M. Gould
is a major research platform for ocean and
climate studies. It is also the principal supply vessel for the U. S.
Antarctic Program research station at Palmer Station, Antarctica. It
routinely travels from Punta Arenas, Chile to the Antarctic Peninsula
region, crossing the Drake Passage 2 to 4 times per month. While the
ship is underway, one or more hull-mounted Acoustic Doppler Current
Profilers (ADCPs) measure the velocity of the upper-ocean currents below
the ship. The NB150 measures the upper 300 m of the water column with 8
m vertical resolution. The OS38, added in late 2004, increases the range
of current profiling to 1000 m depth, with a vertical resolution of 24 m.
Click on the desired year in the table below for
a list of all cruises for that year, with links to
vector and contour plots.
The complete processed and edited data sets are archived
at the National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC) Joint Archive for Shipboard
The complete data set is easily located in the JASADCP inventory
under the ship name,
or follow the individual links provided for each of the cruises listed by the appropriate year.
Calibration History - A Table of Amplitude and Angles used to Process Cruises
LM Gould JASADCP Data - link to JASADCP LM Gould Data Inventory
The collection, processing and dissemination of these data was carried out by the
Chereskin Lab at Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD with support from the
National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs grant nos. OPP-9816226,
ANT-0338103, ANT-0838750, PLR-1341431 and PLR-1542902. Eric Firing and Jules Hummon
at the University of Hawaii
provide critical support for the data acquisition and processing
of these ADCP data through the development and maintenance
of the UHDAS and CODAS software.
- Lenn, Y.-D., T. K. Chereskin, J. Sprintall, and E. Firing, 2007.
Mean Jets, Mesoscale Variability and Eddy Momentum Fluxes in the
Surface Layer of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current in Drake Passage,
J. Mar. Res.,
65, 27-58, 10.1357/002224007780388694
- Chereskin, T. K., and G. A. Tarling, 2007. Interannual to diurnal
variability in the near-surface scattering layer in Drake Passage,
ICES J. Mar. Sci., 10.1093/icesjms/fsm138
- Lenn, Y.-D., T. K. Chereskin, and J. Sprintall, 2008.
Improving estimates of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current streamlines
in Drake Passage,
J. Phys. Oceanogr.,
Lenn, Y.-D. and T. K. Chereskin, 2009.
Observations of Ekman Currents in the Southern Ocean,
J. Phys. Oceanogr.,
Lenn, Y.-D., T. K. Chereskin, J. Sprintall and J. McLean, 2011.
Near-surface eddy heat and momentum fluxes in the Antarctic Circumpolar
Current in Drake Passage,
J. Phys. Oceanogr., 41, 1385-1407, 10.1175/jpo-d-10-05017.1
Firing, Y. L., Chereskin, T. K., and M. R. Mazloff, 2011.
Vertical structure and transport of the Antarctic Circumpolar
Current in Drake Passage from direct velocity observations,
J. Geophys. Res., 116, C08015, 10.1029/2011jc006999
Sprintall, J., Chereskin, T. K., and C. Sweeney, 2012.
High-Resolution Underway Upper Ocean and Surface Atmospheric
Observations in Drake Passage: Synergistic Measurements for Climate Science,
Oceanography, 25(3):7081, 10.5670/oceanog.2012.77
Firing, E., Hummon, J. M., and Chereskin, T. K., 2012.
Improving the quality and accessibility of current profile
measurements in the Southern Ocean,
Oceanography, 25(3):164165, 10.5670/oceanog.2012.91
Polton, J. A., Y.-D. Lenn, S. Elipot, T. K. Chereskin and J. Sprintall, 2013.
Can Drake Passage Observations Match Ekman's Classic Theory?,
J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43, 1733-1740, 10.1175/jpo-d-13-034.1
Brannigan, L., Y.-D. Lenn, S. Elipot, T. P. Rippeth, E. McDonagh,
T. K. Chereskin and J. Sprintall, 2013.
Shear at the Base of the Oceanic Mixed Layer Generated by Wind Shear Alignment,
J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43, 1798-1810, 10.1175/JPO-D-12-0104.1
Rocha, C. B., T. K. Chereskin, S. T. Gille, and D. Menemenlis, 2016.
Mesoscale to submesoscale wavenumber spectra in Drake Passage,
J. Phys. Oceanogr., 46, 601-620, 10.1175/JPO-D-15-0087.1
Questions or comments should be directed to the